Probation: Adult and Realignment Services (3227P)

Program Outcome Statement

Enhance public safety and reduce recidivism through collaborative efforts in specialized supervision and enforcement of probation conditions while supporting the Court's effort to impose appropriate sentences. 

Program Services

  • Computer Assisted Supervision
  • AB109 Supervision
  • Domestic Violence Supervision
  • Gang Supervision Unit
  • Intensive Supervision
  • Investigation Services
  • Sex Offender Supervision
  • Specialty Courts: Bridges, Pathways, Drug Court, Veteran's Treatment Court, Military Diversion, Restitution Court and DUI Court
  • Pretrial
  • Intake Unit
  • Reentry Unit
  • Targeted Risk Assessment Cognitive Engagement (TRACE) Program
  • Narcotics Task Force
  • Court Work Program

Overview

The Adult and Realignment Services Division contributes to the County’s Shared Vision commitment to ensure public safety by reducing crime in our neighborhoods and providing seamless coordinated services to residents. The division has two distinct service areas: Court services and Supervision services. Court services consist of the Investigation unit which has responsibility for providing thorough, timely, and impartial information to the Superior Court. The Supervision services units provides offender accountability through the enforcement of court-ordered probation conditions.
This division also serves the AB 109 population, the County’s re-entry efforts, the Pretrial unit and other specialized probation supervision programs that include the Bridges Program, Pathways, Drug Court, the Veteran’s Treatment Court, and Military Diversion. AB 109 transfers responsibility for supervising inmates convicted of specific low-level crimes and parolees from the State to counties. The key role of Probation under realignment is post-release case management and supervision of these offenders by creating the Post-Release Community Supervision (PRCS) Unit. Included in the PRCS caseload are those released from prison and new, locally sentenced, offenders who are given split sentences referred to as “County Prison” commitments with subsequent Mandatory Supervision (MS). Probation assesses the risk and needs of offenders, links them to appropriate services, and monitors compliance with court conditions.
DUI Court Program addresses community safety as it relates to impaired driving. Participants work closely with their probation officers to identify services that will aid in their treatment and recovery from alcohol addiction. Reentry is a County-coordinated program through the partnership of many agencies to assist people incarcerated in the County jail in re-entering their community through substance abuse and mental health treatment. The Pretrial unit makes recommendations for or against defendants being released on Supervised Own Recognizance to the Court based on Sheriff’s Office interviews and our own verifications. The Bridges Program, Pathways, Drug Court and Veteran’s Treatment are relapse prevention programs. Clients in these programs are referred to one or more community-based treatment programs or to county/federal agencies.
Deputy Probation Officers (DPOs) within the division administer an evidence-based risk assessment tool called the Correctional Assessment and Intervention System (CAIS), developed by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD). This tool is used to assess the different levels of supervision based on risk strategies to re-offend. With the results of the risk assessment, DPOs develop individualized case plans, through the CePlanning module that address the offenders' criminogenic needs.
Percent of adult offenders successfully completing probation continues to meet target
Percent of DUI Court participants without any confirmed violations increases by nine percent
Percent of Realignment offenders successfully completing probation increases by six percent
Percent of actual field compliance checks made with high risk offenders continues to meets target

FY 2018-19 Mid-Year Story Behind Performance

The Adult Services division continues its work of providing services to the courts through sentencing and treatment recommendations as well as supervision of adult offenders in the community. This report presents a consistent pattern of meeting the division’s performance measure targets or working towards it. The division continues to work closely with County and community partners to effectively conduct its work.

Percent of adult offenders successfully completing probation:
The percent of adult offenders successfully completing probation has increased to 84%, surpassing the FY 17-19 target of 69%. This could be a reflection of the effectiveness of risk-based supervision, through the CAIS tool. Deputy Probation Officers (DPOs) work with all their clients to develop a case plan to ensure that their criminogenic needs are addressed, as identified in CAIS. DPOs make referrals to appropriate programs and resources that will help with their rehabilitation to become more productive members of the community. This measure does not include the AB109 population.

Percent of DUI Court participants without any confirmed violations:
This is a new performance measure introduced in FY 18-19. DUI Court is a collaborative program for second and third time misdemeanor offenders in order to decrease DUI-related traffic accidents, the frequency of repeat offenders and increase public safety. DUI court provides participants with a team who can link them to needed treatment and support services along with intensive probation supervision. September 2018 marked the one year anniversary of DUI Court. 

During the time period July 1, 2018 through December 31, 2018, 97 DUI Court participants were on a continuous alcohol monitoring device. 79% of probationers had no violations and were in compliance. 

Percent of Realignment offenders successfully completing probation
In this reporting period, the division did not meet its 75% target for realignment offenders successfully completing probation; however, there was a 6% increase in successful probation completions from FY 17-18. This could be a result of the realignment (PRCS and MS) population continuing to be mostly assessed as having a high risk to recidivate at 37% which led to clients having a high number of technical violations such as absconding, drug use, unknown whereabouts, failure to report as directed, and failure to provide a urine sample.

It is important to note that the Probation Department utilizes a graduated sanctions and rewards matrix and usually files formal revocations after lower sanctions have been attempted, including flash incarcerations for PRCS cases. However, at times, officers may decide that a formal revocation is more appropriate than utilizing lower sanctions, depending on the circumstances of the violation.

Percent of Actual Field Compliance Checks Made with High Risk Offenders
The division met its target for the number of successful contacts with high risk offenders for field visits and task force operations. The division continues to conduct its own as well as participate in regional task force operations to ensure client compliance with their conditions of probation.




Future Priorities

  • Continue to use evidence based assessment tool to supervise offenders according to risk level;
  • Expand the current cognitive behavior therapy curriculum to include all adult offenders;
  • Train Deputy Probation Officers on evidence based motivation interviewing and the use of graduated sanctions;
  • Ensure that eligible offenders are placed in appropriate alternatives to custody in a timely manner and;
  • Track and measure client outcomes in ETO/Social Solutions to ensure continued reduction in recidivism.


Author: Melissa Larrarte, Management Analyst     Contact Email: mlarrarte@smcgov.org     
Last Updated: 1/18/2019