Probation: Adult and Realignment Services (3227P)
Program Outcome Statement
Enhance public safety and reduce recidivism through collaborative efforts in specialized supervision and enforcement of probation conditions while supporting the Court's effort to impose appropriate sentences.
- Computer Assisted Supervision
- AB109 Supervision
- Domestic Violence Supervision
- Gang Supervision Unit
- Intensive Supervision
- Investigation Services
- Sex Offender Supervision
- Specialty Courts: Bridges, Pathways, Drug Court, Veteran's Treatment Court, Military Diversion, Restitution Court and DUI Court
- Intake Unit - Reentry and Prop 63
- Targeted Risk Assessment Cognitive Engagement (TRACE) Program
- Narcotics Task Force
- Court Work Program
The Adult and Realignment Services Division contributes to the County’s Shared Vision commitment to ensure public safety by reducing crime in our neighborhoods and providing seamless coordinated services to residents. The division has two distinct service areas: Court services and Supervision services. Court services consist of the Investigation unit which has responsibility for providing thorough, timely, and impartial information to the Superior Court. The Supervision services units provides offender accountability through the enforcement of court-ordered probation conditions.
This division also serves the AB 109 population the County’s re-entry efforts, the Pretrial unit and other specialized probation supervision programs that include the Bridges Program, Pathways, Drug Court, the Veteran’s Treatment Court, and the newly formed Military Diversion Court. AB 109 transfers responsibility for supervising inmates convicted of specific low-level crimes and parolees from the State to counties. The key role of Probation under realignment is post-release case management and supervision of these offenders by creating the Post-Release Community Supervision (PRCS) Unit. Included in the PRCS caseload are those released from prison and new, locally sentenced, offenders who are given split sentences referred to as “County Prison” commitments with subsequent Mandatory Supervision (MS). Probation assesses the risk and needs of offenders, links them to appropriate services, and monitors compliance with court conditions.
DUI Court Program addresses community safety as it relates to impaired driving. Participants work closely with their probation officers to identify services that will aid in their treatment and recovery from alcohol addiction. Reentry is a County-coordinated program through the partnership of many agencies to assist people incarcerated in the County jail in re-entering their community through substance abuse and mental health treatment. The Pretrial unit makes recommendations for or against defendants being released on Supervised Own Recognizance to the Court based on Sheriff’s Office interviews and our own verifications. The Bridges Program, Pathways, Drug Court and Veteran’s Treatment are relapse prevention programs. Clients in these programs are referred to one or more community-based treatment programs or to county/federal agencies.
Deputy Probation Officers (DPOs) within the division administer an evidence-based risk assessment tool called the Correctional Assessment and Intervention System (CAIS), developed by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD). This tool is used to assess the different levels of supervision based on risk strategies to re-offend. With the results of the risk assessment, DPOs develop individualized case plans, through the CePlanning module that address the offenders' criminogenic needs.
Percent of adult offenders completing probation without new sustained law violations increases
Percent of reports submitted to the Court within established time frames remains steady
Percent of Realignment offenders without new felony law violations decreases
Percent of actual field compliance checks made with high risk offenders remains steady
FY 2017-18 Year End Story Behind Performance
The Adult Services division continues its work of providing services to the courts through sentencing and treatment recommendations as well as supervision of adult offenders in the community. In this time period, the division merged with the Realignment and Reentry services division and assumed supervision of AB109, reentry, collaborative courts and pretrial clients.This report presents a consistent pattern of meeting the division’s performance measure targets. The division continues to work closely with County and community partners to effectively conduct its work. Since the last fiscal year, the division has implemented a Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Court, staffed with three Deputy Probation Officers, supported by a Probation Services Manager and two Legal Office Specialists. DUI Court is a collaborative program service 2nd and 3rd misdemeanor conviction DUI cases, that meet certain eligibility requirements. DUI court will provide this participants with a team who can link them to needed treatment and support services which previously, were not provided as a part of the DUI process, along with intensive probation supervision.
Percent of Adult Offenders Completing Probation without New Sustained Law Violations
The percent of adult offenders completing probation without new sustained law violations increased. This could be a reflection of the effectiveness of risk-based supervision, through the CAIS tool. Deputy Probation Officers (DPOs) work with all their clients to develop a case plan to ensure that their criminogenic needs are addressed, as identified in CAIS. DPOs make referrals to appropriate programs and resources that will help with their rehabilitation to become more productive members of the community.This measure does not include the AB109 population.
Percent of Realignment offenders without new felony law violations
In this reporting period, the division did not meet its 75% target for realignment offenders completing probation with no new felony law violations. This could be a result of the realignment (PRCS and MS) population continuing to be mostly assessed as having a high risk to recidivate at 41% which led to clients having a high number of technical violations such as absconding, drug use, unknown whereabouts, failure to report as directed, and failure to provide a urine sample.
It is important to note that the Probation Department utilizes a graduated sanctions and rewards matrix and usually files formal revocations after lower sanctions have been attempted, including flash incarcerations for PRCS cases. However, at times, officers may decide that a formal revocation is more appropriate than utilizing lower sanctions, depending on the circumstances of the violation.
Percent of Actual Field Compliance Checks Made with High Risk Offenders
The division met its target for the number of successful contacts with high risk offenders for field visits and task force operations. The division continues to conduct its own as well as participate in regional task force operations to ensure client compliance with their conditions of probation.
- Continue to use evidence based assessment tool to supervise offenders according to risk level;
- Expand the current cognitive behavior therapy curriculum to include all adult offenders;
- Train Deputy Probation Officers on evidence based motivation interviewing and the use of graduated sanctions;
- Ensure that eligible offenders are placed in appropriate alternatives to custody in a timely manner and;
- Track and measure client outcomes in ETO/Social Solutions to ensure continued reduction in recidivism.